گفت‌وگوی انتقادی بین الاهیات و روان‌شناسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشجوی دکتری دین پژوهی دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب

چکیده

این مقاله ابتدا دورنمایی تاریخی از رابطه دین و روان‌شناسی در قرن بیستم به دست می‌دهد و سپس به تعریف دین، معنویت و الاهیات می‌پردازد. آنگاه با تمرکز بر رویکرد جدید یکی از الاهی‌دانان کاتولیک، و توصیف اجمالی مدل الاهیاتی او با عنوان «الاهیات بنیادی»، می‌کوشد با استفاده از مدلی شناختی در روان‌شناسی، پدیدارهای افسردگی ناشی از معرفت الاهیاتی را شناسایی کرده، درمان چنین افسردگی‌ای را تسهیل کند. نویسنده در ثلث پایانی این مقاله ضمن استفاده از تعریف‌های سنتی از الاهیات، به درمانگران می‌آموزد که چگونه الاهیات را به مثابه محتوای شناختی در نظر بگیرند و با آوردن این محتوا از سطح اندیشه‌های خودبه‌خودیِ درمانجو به سطح آگاهی او، امکان اصلاح محتوای شناختی را فراهم آورند.

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