ارزیابی تنوع تعریف‌ها در معنویت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشجوی دکتری دین‌پژوهی دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب قم و پژوهشگر پژوهشگاه قرآن و حدیث

چکیده

پژوهش درباره معنویت و نقش آن در سلامت روان انسان از جمله پژوهش‌های ادیانی و میان‌رشته‌ای است؛ به‌خصوص که مفهوم «معنویت»، مفهومی متنوع و متکثر است و باید کوشید تعریفی منسجم از آن عرضه کرد. در این مقاله نویسندگان می‌کوشند ارزیابی علمی و منسجمی از تعریف معنویت داشته باشند. در بخش اول مقاله، بررسی نظام‌مندی از تعریف‌های متنوع در معنویت شده است. بخش دوم مقاله به این پرسش می‌پردازد که چرا و چگونه این تنوع در تعریف معنویت وجود دارد. بخش سوم نیز پیشنهادی روش‌شناختی را مطرح می‌کند که بر اساس آن مفهوم عشق را پیش‌فرض و شکل‌دهنده اصلی در معنویت می‌داند. در این منظر، عشق چارچوبی مفهومی عرضه می‌کند که می‌توان تکثر و تنوع را در آن تفسیر کرد و انسان را قادر به تشخیص معنویت سالم از معنویت غیرسالم می‌کند.

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